상반기 OLED 시장 결산과 주요 기술 분석

OLED 시장조사 전문 리서치 업체인 유비리서치는 오는 6월 28일(목) 서울 코엑스 컨퍼런스룸 3층에서  ‘상반기 OLED 시장 결산과 주요 기술 분석 세미나’를 개최한다.

2018년 상반기 OLED 시장을 결산을 통해 주요 이슈를 되짚어 보고 OLED 산업을 투자, 경제 관점으로 분석하여 2018년 하반기 시장과 기술을 전망하는 자리가 될 것이다.

또한 이번 세미나는 차세대 OLED 기술로 각광받고 있는 OLED 조명, Stretchable, wearable, AR/VR, Micro LED 등 관련분야 핵심 전문가분들을 모시고 OLED 미래 기술이 어떻게 전개될 것인지를 미리 확인해 볼 수 있는 자리가 될 것으로 예상된다.

세미나의 주제는 △’ 2018 상반기 프리미엄 TV시장 이슈와 전망’ △’2018 상반기 OLED 스마트폰 시장 이슈와 전망’ △ ‘폴더블 스마트폰과 BLUE TV 시장 전망’ △’차세대 OLED 어플리케이션인 스트레처블, 웨어러블 등’ △’가상 증강 현실 기기와 오토모티브 응용 현황 및 전망 ’ △ ‘마이크로 LED 기술 동향 및 전망’ △ ‘OLED 조명 기술 동향 및 전망’ 등의 발표가 예정되어 있다.

이번 세미나는 빠르게 진화하는 디스플레이 시장의 전망과 기술 트랜드를 예측하여 업체들의 시장 현황과 기술 변화를 파악하는데 큰 도움이 될 것으로 기대하고 있다.

가상(VR)·증강현실(AR)이 선택한 ‘OLED 디스플레이’

최근 4차 산업혁명을 주도하고 있는 가상·증강현실 기기에 OLED 디스플레이를 채용함으로써, LCD에 비해 응답속도가 빠르고 풍부한 색감과 높은 명암비 구현이 가능해짐에 따라, 사용자는 보다 현실감 있고 생동감 넘치는 영상을 체험할 수 있게 되었다.
가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이는 게임, 광고, 교육 등 전 산업 분야에 걸쳐 폭넓게 활용되고 있으며, 이에 따라 관련 출원이 최근 활발하게 이루어지고 있는 것으로 나타났다.

특허청에 따르면, 가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이의 출원은 매년 증가 추세에 있으며, 특히 최근 3년간 관련 출원이 크게 증가한 것으로 나타났다.

<가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 출원 동향, 출처: 특허청>

최근 연도별 출원 현황을 보면, 2014년 240건, 2015년 263건, 2016년 439건으로, 2014년을 기점으로 가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 기술에 관한 출원 건은 급격히 증가하였다.

가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 분야 출원이 최근에 증가한 이유는 가상·증강현실 기기의 본격적인 대중화를 위한 선결 과제로 해상도와 응답속도, 활용성, 착용감, 가격 등 다양한 조건들의 발전이 요구되고 있는데, OLED 디스플레이는 실감나는 영상을 구현할 수 있고, 플렉시블 설계가 용이하다는 점에서 기존의 LCD에 비해 이러한 니즈를 월등하게 충족할 수 있기 때문인 것으로 보인다.

또한, 2020년 기준으로 가상·증강현실 시장 규모가 약 800억 달러로 크게 증가될 것이라는 전망에 비추어 볼 때, 가상·증강현실 기기에 적합한 OLED 디스플레이가 플렉시블, 롤러블, 벤더블 및 스트레쳐블 디스플레이 형태로 다양하게 개발됨에 따라 가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 기술에 관한 출원의 증가 추세는 지속될 것으로 예상된다.

가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 기술에 관한 출원인별 출원 현황(2007년 ~ 2016년)은 대기업 774건(60%), 중견·중소기업 142건(11%), 대학‧연구기관 72건(6%), 개인 70건(5%)을 출원하였고, 외국인이 237건(18%)을 출원한 것으로 조사되었다.

주요 출원 업체별로는 엘지전자 465건, 삼성전자 216건, 마이크로소프트사 51건, 삼성디스플레이 29건, 에스케이플래닛 20건, 퀄컴 17건, 엘지디스플레이 17건 순으로 집계되어, 가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 관련 기술이 국내 기업에 의해 주도되고 있음을 알 수 있다.

가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이의 응용분야별 출원 현황을 보면 개인용 엔터테인먼트(게임, 테마파크, 체험관) 426건, 국방(전쟁 시뮬레이션, 무기개발, 전투기 조종) 169건, 광고 141건, 의료(3차원 시뮬레이션, 가상 내시경, 모의수술) 131건, 헬스케어 123건, 영화 117건 등으로 나타나, 가상·증강현실용 OLED 디스플레이 기술은 게임과 국방 산업 분야에 가장 활발히 활용되고 있음을 알 수 있다.

특허청 김종찬 디스플레이기기심사팀장은 “TV나 휴대폰과 같은 개인용 제품 중심으로 발달한 OLED 디스플레이는 뛰어난 영상제공 능력을 기반으로 가상·증강현실 뿐만 아니라 새로운 산업분야로 활용 영역의 확장이 예상되며, 아울러 OLED 디스플레이의 수명 연장 및 사용 온도 범위 확대 등 성능 향상 과제를 해결하기 위한 기술과 관련된 출원이 증가할 것으로 예상된다.”고 전망했다.
특허청은 OLED 디스플레이 분야의 특허경쟁력 강화를 위하여, 산업계와 특허청 간의 소통과 협력의 일환으로『IP Together』행사를 정기적으로 개최해 왔으며, ‘개정 특허법 설명회’ 등을 통해 관련 정보를 지속적으로 제공해 나갈 계획이다.

한편, 유비리서치가 발간한 ‘AR과 VR용 디스플레이 시장 보고서’에 따르면 AR과 VR용 OLED는 2017년 260만개 출하되어 52%의 시장 점유율을 차지할 것으로 예상하였으며, 2021년에는 5,200만개 출하되어 80%의 시장 점유율을 차지할 것으로 전망하였다.

 

<AR과 VR용 디스플레이 타입별 출하량 전망, 출처: 유비리서치>

‘OLED display’ selected by virtual (VR) · Augmented Reality (AR)

By adopting OLED display in virtual and augmented reality devices, which are leading the fourth industrial revolution in recent years, users can experience more realistic and lively images with faster response time, richer color and higher contrast ratio comparing to LCD.
OLED displays for virtual and augmented reality have been widely used in all industries including games, advertising, and education, and related applications have recently been actively pursued.

According to the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO), the filing of OLED display for virtual and augmented reality is on an increasing trend each year, in particular, the number of related applications has greatly increased over the last 3 years.

<OLED display application trend for virtual and augmented reality, Source: Korean Intellectual Property Office>

According to the recent filing status by year, there are 240 applications in 2014, 263 in 2015, and 439 in 2016, and applications for OLED display technologies for virtual and augmented reality have increased rapidly from 2014.

The reason for the recent increase in applications for virtual and augmented reality OLED display fields is that the development of various conditions such as resolution, response time, usability, comfort, and price is required as a preliminary task for popularization of virtual and augmented reality devices and OLED displays can realize realistic images and are easy to design with flexibility, which is why they can meet these needs much better than existing LCDs.

Also, given the prospect that the virtual and augmented reality market will increase to about $ 80 billion by 2020, OLED displays suitable for virtual and augmented reality devices are being developed in various forms such as flexible, rollable, bendable, and stretchable displays, and it is expected that applications for OLED display technology for virtual and augmented reality will continue to increase accordingly.

For the filing status of OLED display technology for virtual and augmented reality (2007 ~ 2016),  there are 774 cases (60%) of large companies, 142 cases (11%) of medium and small-sized companies, 72 cases (6%) of universities and research institutes, 70 individual cases (5%)  237 foreigner cases (18%).

By major application companies, 465 cases of LG Electronics, 216 cases of Samsung Electronics, 51 cases of Microsoft Corporation, 29 cases of Samsung Display, 20 cases of SK Planet, 17 cases of Qualcomm, 17 cases of LG Display, It can be seen that related technology is dominated by domestic companies.

As for the status of OLED display application field for virtual and augmented reality applications, there are 426 cases of personal entertainment (game, theme park, experience), 169 cases of defense (war simulation, weapons development, fighter pilot), 141 cases of advertisement, 131 cases of medical treatment (3D simulation, virtual endoscopy, simulation), 123 cases of healthcare, 117 movies, etc., indicating that OLED display technologies for virtual and augmented reality are most actively used in the game and defense industries.

“OLED displays, which are developed mainly for personal use products such as TVs and mobile phones, are expected to expand into new industries as well as virtual and augmented reality based on their superior image presentation capabilities,” said Kim Jong-Chan, head of the screening team in the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO). In addition, we expect to see increased applications related to technologies to address performance improvement challenges, such as extending the life of OLED displays and extending the operating temperature range. “.
In order to strengthen the patent competitiveness of OLED display field, KIPO has regularly held “IP Together” event as part of communication and cooperation between industry and patent office, and will continue to provide related information through the “Revised Patent Law Seminar”.

On the other hand, according to the ‘Display Market Report for AR and VR’ published by UBi Research, OLED for AR and VR are expected to be shipped by 2.6 million units in 2017, accounting for 52% of the market share and 52 million units in 2021 accounting for 80% of the market share.

<Shipment forecast by display type for AR and VR, Source: UBI Research>

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